If you find yourself or your kid having eczema, you are bound to start asking more questions in order to understand this skin condition better. Here are some  FAQs that are common to most eczema sufferers:

What is eczema?

Eczema is sometimes referred to as dermatitis. Eczema can be mild, moderate or severe. In cases of mild eczema, the skin is red, warm, dry and itchy. In moderate to severe cases, eczema can be very inflamed, incredibly itchy, cracked, crusty, scaly, raw, bleeding and weeping fluid (known as wet eczema).

Who gets eczema?

Eczema is a skin condition that can affect both males and females. Sufferers can be babies and include the elderly as well. Approximately one fifth of all children suffer from eczema and one in every twelve adults.

What are the causes of eczema?

No exact cause of eczema is known. There are many triggers to eczema, however. These triggers differ for all individuals. There are allergenic forms of eczema and non-allergenic forms.

The most common type of eczema is atopic eczema and this condition is believed to be hereditary. Atopic eczema is also related to your heightened sensitivity to allergens that usually do not irritate the skin of people generally. In addition, if you have atopic dermatitis, it is likely that you also suffer from other allergy related problems such as hay fever and asthma. Other types of eczema are believed to be triggered by factors such as harsh detergents, chemicals, dust, sand, cigarette smoke, scratchy natural material such as wool, nickel, etc.

What are the different kinds of eczema?

There are a number of types of eczema. There is atopic eczema, allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, infantile seborrhoeic eczema (cradle cap), adult seborrhoeic eczema (such as dandruff that can spread to other areas of the body and most commonly seen in adults between the age of twenty and forty), varicose eczema (found in elderly people) and discoid eczema (tends to appear in middle age).

How do you determine which type of eczema you are having?

The best course of action for you to take is to see a skin specialist for a complete and proper diagnosis of your condition. Your skin specialist will put you through a series of tests to accurately say what type of eczema you are having and what your treatment options are.

Is there a cure for this skin condition?

As the exact cause of eczema is not known, there is no cure for eczema. Eczema treatment has been focused more on finding ways to manage or control the frequency of the flare ups.

What are the treatment options for my eczema?

Eczema can be kept under control with a variety of different methods. In addition to steroids, there are also plenty of natural treatments that you can safely consider.

Your skin specialist can also help you determine based on the severity of your condition which type of treatment is best for you.

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