Eczema on the foot is something that needs proper care and attention. It can be just as irritating and uncomfortable as on the rest of the body so it is important to learn how to cope with and decrease the incidence of flare-ups. Eczema can range from mild to severe, so you need to learn how to take care of it to keep it under control.
Eczema Affect The Feet and Legs
Five main types of eczema affect the feet and legs. These types are atopic eczema, discoid eczema, irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and varicose eczema. The most common kind of eczema is atopic eczema and it is believed to be hereditary. If you suffer from this kind of eczema, then your skin will be red, inflamed, and itchy. The common treatment method for this type is steroids or steroidal creams to help the swelling, and emollients to help decrease the itch. Discoid eczema affects only adults in most cases. The appearance of discoid eczema is different in that it resembles small, round lesions and it is usually inflamed, itchy, and oozes fluid. The treatment for this type of eczema is the same as atopic eczema.
Symptoms and Triggers
Irritant contact dermatitis or eczema is brought on by coming into contact with irritants like harsh detergents, household cleaners, soaps, chemicals etc. If the contact is prolonged, then the flare-up may be worse. There are creams that can be used to help decrease the swelling, but the most important thing that you can do is to avoid the irritant(s) that cause(s) the flare-up. Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an allergic reaction to something that the person is allergic to. This can include a scratchy fabric like wool, fabric softener, food, etc. The symptoms are much the same as with the irritant contact dermatitis.
Varicose eczema is normally seen in people who have varicose veins, which means that it is most common in the elderly. This eczema type causes the skin to look speckled with the lesions that are swollen on the feet and legs. It is also itchy. The ankles are the most common area where you see varicose eczema. This kind of eczema is very dangerous because if it becomes severe, it can lead to ulcer formation on the feet and legs. That is why you need to begin treatment early for this kind of eczema. Treatment usually includes steroids and emollients.
If you have eczema on the foot, then your physician may refer you to a special foot doctor. This doctor will discuss all of your treatment options and will determine which creams and steroids are most appropriate for you and your condition. The doctor will also keep an eye on any lesions that are oozing or open cuts to help them heal quickly and without infection. Bandages or dressings may be put on the lesions or cuts to protect them from infection and to decrease the spreading of the lesions.
Eczema on the foot is not anything to ignore. If you suspect you have it, put those feet in action and get to the doctor. You will be glad you did!